COVID-19 and New Disability Obligations

In this space, I have written a couple articles on the need for employers to be aware of accommodation obligations under federal and state disability laws for those employees who are high risk for either COVID-19 exposure or more serious health problems from COVID-19.  I want to focus today on a different aspect of the accommodation duty — the need to accommodate the possible long term health problems flowing from recovery from COVID-19 themselves.

For many persons who survive their bout with COVID-19, long term heath consequences could continue for some time after COVID-19 no longer provides a risk of death or contagion to others. Some have continuing respiratory problems. Others continue to be lethargic for weeks after receiving a negative COVID-19 test. Still others experience long and short term cognitive issues. While COVID-19 may have left their bodies, new health problems exist, and these medical issues themselves will likely create possible accommodation requirements for employers because those issues would most likely qualify as a legal disability.

Employers need to be cognizant of such accommodation duties, and should approach them in the same fashion as they would any other accommodation request for a particular health ailment. Remember to follow the guidance provided previously in past articles about the importance of the interactive process in exploring possible accommodations and gaining needed medical information from the employee to help shape that dialogue and craft a potential accommodation, or alternatively, a defense to that request if no accommodation could work for the employer. Failing to do so will no doubt generate unwanted legal headaches for the employer. Thus, employers should not ignore this new health phenomenon.

So, remember, even when COVID-19 itself seems to have been beaten by the employee, its possible long term exposure effects on an employee may remain and could require some form of workplace accommodation.


Ralph R. Smith, 3rd is Co-Chair of the Employment and Labor Practice Group. He practices in employment litigation and preventative employment practices, including counseling employers on the creation of employment policies, non-compete and trade secret agreements, and training employers to avoid employment-related litigation. He represents both companies and individuals in related complex commercial litigation before federal states courts and administrative agencies in labor and employment cases including race, gender, age, national origin, disability and workplace harassment and discrimination matters, wage-and-hour disputes, restrictive covenants, grievances, arbitration, drug testing, and employment related contract issues.

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